Study By: Timothy M. Youngblood
Copyright © The Master's Table

Note: Some of this information was used in the sermon titled The Apostate System:

If you would rather listen to that sermon click on the link below.

Audio to A Call to Arms

Around 1972 I read about a god in the book of Daniel that would be worshipped even above the true creator God of heaven. (Dan. 11:36-38) The prophecy stated that this god would be one that not even their fathers had worshipped. I knew this would be close to our time because the book of Daniel refers to the time of the end. When I read about this god that would be worshipped in our time I became curious and began to look around for it because I did not want to be one that worshipped this false god. I also found that around 1972 that products sold in stores had what we now know of as a bar code. Although the computer was not known to most people I was sure that this bar code (Also known as Universal Product Code.) had something to do with the mark of the beast so I set out to keep an eye on this and see where it would lead. I also found around 1975 that the phones and cash registers had added buttons such as the pound and star symbols. I had no idea why these symbols were added until a friend told me that they could check our credit by entering a number and then following up with either symbol. I understood then that this, with the bar code would have something to do with banking but I still was not sure at that time how it would work. Prophecy can become clear as time goes on and the events start to take shape, and as of this writing (2006) we now know what is coming and the purpose of the system being set up. (Some information is up-dated as noted)

As the years went by from around 1975 to 1991 when computers became more a part of our lives at work and then at home, I started to notice that the computer companies were using terms and logos such as the wand with stars around it on their disks. They also use labels such as "wizard" like "Software repair wizard, and "Program compatibility wizard". I even saw one program that was titled "Demon ware." The use of the word "magic" has also been used widely such as "Zip and Port Magic" as if these events are mystical in some way.

Am I saying that the computer is this god that will be worshipped in the last days described in the book of Daniel? No! The computer is just the window into the mind of the great false god that is coming and is the tool that will be used to bind and control the world. The above witchcraft terms are what caught my attention, but through much prayer and research through the years I began to see what was emerging. I have noticed how we have come to depend on things made by mankind. Our very existence is being tied into a network system that if it failed, in say, ten years from now I dare say our country would collapse and people would panic to the point of madness. As you know brethren many people can’t even give up their I-Pods or cell phones for a full day now.

For the first time in the history of mankind we have come to the place where we can travel around the world in hours. Science has brought us the television, radio, air conditioning, ease of travel by car, bus or plane, and the computer as well as ease of banking. We can send space vehicles to other planets to gather data and then send that data back to earth for examination. We can send messages around the world in seconds by way of the Internet, or blow up a city with a population of millions by the touch of a button. We can put one man's heart or kidney in another and save a life, or even clone a sheep or cow without the male animal.

The most profound aspect is that science believes they are correcting God's flaws. In fact what I'm truly saying here is that science has become the god of mankind, the god that even our fathers never worshiped and man depends on science for what he eats, how he solves his problems and even for healing, or to save lives. We put pills in our bodies without question and we lay under the knife of a stranger because he has Doctor in front of his name never questioning if he cheated his way through school. It is true that we can and should use science in the RIGHT WAY to better our lives and the reason is because mankind has left God for the most part. However when science takes it upon themselves to mess with God's building blocks of creation they have violated our very health and well being and most immortally our very existence! The truth is that if mankind was in real contact with God we would not need science! I too use science just like everyone else does because of the same reasons but I do trust God much more as we all should. The question is should we mix science with our faith in the Creator God as some are?

We are depending on science more than God and science education is even causing many young students to question the very existence of God. They are coming to believe that God is just a way those in times past explained things they did not understand however now that we have knowledge of these things we no longer need a God for that purpose. They believe we should move from the dark ages of superstition and myth into the light of reality which can be proven by science.

A new T. V. show titled "Saved" is seeding the minds of those that watch it to believe that science is the one we look to for healing and life. I watched the first episode to see what it was about and after a dramatic event of saving a woman one actor stated; "We spit in the face of death" and the other stated with pride "Yes…we are the givers of life." They believe this to be true because of the science they practice in modern medicine, but the truth is that God is the giver of life and anyone that states they have that power is placing themselves in the seat of God Himself. Let's never forget that it is Satan that wants to rule in the place of God and declare that he is God. It will be Satan that inserts himself into the ruling seat after this system is accepted and is fully established around the world. This new system we see coming wants all mankind to accept and trust science in all we do, even to the point as to have children and to decide if we even want them, and it very well could in the future reach the point of determining what age we should die.

Yes it is very true that we are being brain washed by every medium that can influence us by the very hand of Satan. In the movie titled "Deep impact" we saw that the space ship that saved the world was named the Messiah which any good bible student knows that the Messiah is the Hebrew name of the one who became our savior. Many don't look for the signs and are being influenced without even noticing it. Many say they just don't believe there is a plan to trap mankind into a system that will in the end deny the true creator God and cause those that accept this system to worship Satan himself. However some know for a fact that Satan is in the process of setting up this system and they are working with him because they worship Satan the Devil and believe that he can over throw the creator God and then they will be rewarded as leaders in Satan's kingdom. Those that are involved also teach that there's no God, and that we just evolved from the monkey, and they teach that science is all we need and all we really have to depend on.

If you pay close attention to adds in magazines, and T. V. you will hear terms like"Today's med's finance tomorrow's miracles." The term "Miracle" is being used more frequently for what science is accomplishing instead of what our creator can do. The true definition of the word "Miracle" is an extraordinary event in the physical world that surpasses all known human or natural powers and is ascribed to a supernatural cause. The other big issue is that those who profess the doctrine of science teach in opposition of the spirit world saying that it's OK to have beliefs but we should not get our beliefs mixed up with science. They teach that science is provable and God is not. Doctors teach that prayer is good, not because our creator will answer and help in time of need, but because, and I quote, "it is Psychosomatic" which denotes that prayer is good because it, through the mind, make us feel better! The belief in a creator God is fast becoming either down played, or just downright unpopular. (See our article titled "What is Agnosticism?" at the end of this study) The spirit world of Satan is what has become fun and interesting such as the popular Harry Potter books and movies, but many T.V. shows are depicting people that are deranged as so say getting their evil commands from God! (See our study on Harry Potter at the end of this study)

Remember the string of comets that collided with the planet Jupiter around July 1994? The over twenty fragments of the comet was named Shoemaker-Levy 9. I was watching a segment about this event on T. V. a few weeks ago and heard the commentator state that "Dr. Levy stated we now believe that this could happen to earth, and then what was very shocking was the next statement. The commentator stated that science will take this threat very seriously because Dr. Levy was not some wild eyed prophet of doom, but a respected astronomer. So what does that say about any prophet of God that told of these very events in the past or the two witnesses He will send just before the return of Christ? They will not be believed or respected at all brethren. As I have stated, the word of God is being down played and because of things like Christ-mass, and Easter children have grown up with the idea that Jesus is just a fairy tale also. These atheists advocate a very dangerous idea of integrating reason and faith, science and religion. Yes, they do teach that we all should accept science as truth because it can be proven and that God is un-provable and un-knowable. The atheists themselves will point to the fairy tales of Christ-mass, and Easter to put down the word of God and the sad thing is that most people calling themselves Christian will not even know that these holidays are not of God at all, but are pagan, but given Christian sounding names by the Catholic Church even before the Protestant revolution.

The coming system:
The coming system will consist of four parts which will pay their allegiance to science. 1) Political, 2) Religious, (As stated above Christians today look to the doctors and their pills to give life and health.) 3) Economic, and 4) Military. One can't have the power they seek without the power of the other and science is what they look to for the answers to all their needs. Check out how the military has excelled in awesome killing machines which are developed by science. If you do an independent study on each system you will find that they are using the same terms in their dialog, and the same tactics of infiltration for the purpose of controlling each system. They all use the slogan that we must unite even if we have to agree to disagree. Each system is hierarchical and has been taken over from the top down. Each one is also merging with their counterparts in order to become one large order, and when all mergers and takeovers are complete all four systems will become unified into a one world system giving their power to something like the United Nations after it has been revamped to work with the new world system.

What we are witnessing is a redistribution, and unification of wealth, power, and control of all systems that are necessary for the unification of all Nations and the control of all its citizens. That is why laws, currency, Military forces, and all Religion are involved. When we become a world of "law" like we have heard from the current president Bush stating that we here in the United States are a Nation of "laws" then the law which will become generic, will have no mercy, compassion, or understanding! If you break it then you pay the set price, and the price can change by "law makers" which can even punish you because you stated there is a creator God who has His set laws that even goes against what will become hate crime laws.

Science is working continually thinking they are taking away the curses that the creator God has placed on what He has determined to be sin. They have not at the time of this writing but will soon pass what is called "Hate crime Laws" in the United States and then the World which will prevent anyone by law from stating the truth in God's word about many subjects. In fact if we teach that Jesus is the Son of God and the ONLY savior for mankind we would be going against many other religions which could cause conflict and thus would be considered hate propaganda. (Updated note as of September 26 2012.)The Associated Press reported; "The head of the Arab League called Wednesday for the international community to criminalize blasphemy, warning that insults to religion pose a serious threat to global peace and security."

This is coming brethren and when it is in place for the world we who teach the truth will be shut down or we will have to make a decision to go to jail or keep quite on the truth from God such as all the pagan practices that are in the Christian religion. Canada already has hate crime laws in place and we will follow their example in the near future. The revision to the Canadian Hate Crime laws, Bill C-250, has been passed into law. Christians and other religious groups and individuals are greatly concerned because of the vague wording and potential of abuse. The bill revises the hate propaganda laws to specifically include sexual orientation in laws which make it a crime to "incite hatred against any identifiable group...." Below are some excerpts from the revised law:

Hate Propaganda
Section 318. (1) Everyone who advocates or promotes genocide is guilty of an indictable offense and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years. (2) In this section, "genocide" means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy in whole or in part any identifiable group, namely, (a) killing members of the group; or (b) deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction. (3) No proceeding for an offense under this section shall be instituted without the consent of the Attorney General. (4) In this section, "identifiable group" means any section of the public distinguished by color, race, religion, ethnic origin or sexual orientation.

Section 319. (1) Everyone who, by communicating statements in any public place, incites hatred against any identifiable group where such incitement is likely to lead to a breach of the peace is guilty of (a) an indictable offense and is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years; or (b) an offense punishable on summary conviction. (2) Everyone who, by communicating statements, other than in private conversation, willfully promotes hatred against any identifiable group is guilty of (a) an indictable offense and is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years; or (b) an offense punishable on summary conviction. (3) No person shall be convicted of an offense under subsection (2) (a) if he establishes that the statements communicated were true; (b) if, in good faith, the person expressed or attempted to establish by argument an opinion on a religious subject or an opinion based on a belief in a religious text; (c) if the statements were relevant to any subject of public interest, the discussion of which was for the public benefit, and if on reasonable grounds he believed them to be true; or (d) if, in good faith, he intended to point out, for the purpose of removal, matters producing or tending to produce feelings of hatred toward an identifiable group in Canada. The law allows for peaceful expression of honestly held convictions but the commission ruled that groups such as homosexuals can't be exposed to hatred, ridicule, or their dignity can't be attacked on the basis of their sexual orientation."

They must be able to track everyone:
Crime is the vehicle they use to convince us to accept the tactics they want to use to control and spy on us. How can anyone really argue that child sex predators should not have some type of monitor on them? What about the cameras mounted all over many cities for the purpose of preventing crime? Some will say that they don't mind if it will catch criminals and make us safe. Well that is great however, they could also be used someday to convict Christians such as what we covered above on hate crimes. Then there is the logic that if you place a chip in your child the police can locate them much quicker. Just 20 years ago this would be science fiction, but today it's a reality. It was "Applied Digital Solutions" that announced last week that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the practice of injecting humans with RFID tracking devices for medical purposes. The human implantable VeriChip, which are about the size of a grain of rice, may now be used in hospitals. Medical data is not actually to be stored on the chips but the chips contain unique serial numbers that correspond to a computer database that holds all the real information. Applied Digital is giving away scanners, which cost $650 a piece, to hospitals and trauma centers around the world to introduce their products. Applied Digital, based in Palm Beach, Fla., also markets the VeriChip as an authentication tool for use in building security and to complete financial transactions, HALO for infant ID, and Digital Angel for GPS tracking and other uses.

The subsidiary VeriChip Corporation says on its website: "VeriChip is a subdermal RFID (Radio Frequency Identification Device) that has uses in security, financial, emergency identification, and other applications. About the size of a grain of rice, each VeriChip product contains a unique verification number that is captured by passing a barcode reader over the VeriChip. Today Applied Digital offers a wide range of RFID security solutions, including: Infant protection - offering hospital a means to prevent infant abductions and accidental mother-baby switching Patient protection - providing rapid, secure patient identification in emergency situations, especially important for patients with chronic illnesses Wander prevention - installed in over 3,000 long-term facilities and helping provide residents with mobility in specified areas while preventing them from wandering off"

Scriptures that state those that accept this system will be condemned.
Rev 14:9-11. "Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, "If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, "he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. "And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name." (NKJ throughout) Rev 16:2. "So the first went and poured out his bowl upon the earth, and a foul and loathsome sore came upon the men who had the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image."

Those who worship the Beast will knowingly turn against God and take the side of Satan just like the angels that followed Satan and sinned. This next scripture shows the attitude of the author of the book of Hebrews about those who reject the blood of the covenant and insult the Holy Spirit. Heb 10:27-31 "but a certain fearful expectation of judgment, and fiery indignation which will devour the adversaries. Anyone who has rejected Moses' law dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. Of how much worse punishment, do you suppose, will he be thought worthy who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, counted the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified a common thing, and insulted the Spirit of grace? For we know Him who said, "Vengeance is Mine; I will repay," says the Lord. And again, "The Lord will judge His people." It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God." Notice that the term fiery indignation refers to Rev 14:9-11.

Just what is the mark of the beast?
Is it important to know what the mark is or who this man called the Antichrist is, or is it more important to know who we worship? A good starting place for finding out would be to ask some questions like, how will a person receive the mark?  Who gives it?  Who gets it, What happens to the person who receives it? When will the mark go into effect? What does "MARK" mean in the Word of God? And why would Satan want to put a mark on people in the first place? I address most of these questions in chapter five of my book The Great Apostasy which you can access at the end of this study, but for this study let's start with how a person gets this mark, and read in Rev 13:16-18. "He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on (Notice the word ON here in the New King James version. The Old King James version as well as the Interlinear states that the Greek word used here is IN their etc.) their right hand or on (In) their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the Beast, or the number of his name. Here is wisdom, let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666."

Now I answer most of the questions in Chapter five of my book The Great Apostasy but for lack of time let’s just look at what the mark (666) means and is it the number of A man? Let’s turn to Rev 13:16-18. Where it states… "He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on (Notice the word ON here in the New King James version. The Old King James version as well as the Interlinear states that the Greek word used here is IN their etc.) their right hand or on (In) their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the Beast, or the number of his name. Here is wisdom, let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666."

Now from our research we have found that it is more plausible that the wording in Rev. 13:18 which reads "It is the number of a man" is more likely to be "it is the number of man." Because from our research we found that the Greek word for Man in Rev. 13:18 is "Anthropos" and denotes a generic distinction of mankind or a human being (Or better put manfaced). The Greek word for “A” man in many other Greek texts is "Aner" and this word was not used in Vs.18 that describes the beast as a man.

So if the word used here is not of a single man but "Anthropos" a generic distinction of mankind it is somewhat safe to conclude that the scripture could be referring to the system of man and that would be 666 and as we know man was created on the sixth day of the week. Now I could not accept this out of hand so I dug deeper to see if I could find old text that backed this up and found in John Wycliffe's text of 1380 to state, in the same verse…"Here is wisdom; he that hath vndurstonding, acounte the noumbre of the beeste; for it is the noumbre of man, and his noumbre is sixe hundrid sixti and sixe" Now notice here that Wycliffe did not write "A Man" but..."for it is the noumbre of man" so that would be the reason the Greek translations used the word "Anthropos" instead of "Aner"

The prophets such as Daniel have written the warnings long ago as given by our God and we today just need to watch and pray that we can have the faith and strength to do God's will. One way Satan knows he can weaken us is to give us the lust of our flesh because if we submit to the temptation we are not only cut off from God but we are weakened in faith. We find in II Thes. that the man of sin will be revealed, or shall reveal himself to the world, and then we find that Christians are warned that a Great Apostasy will come which means to fall from the truth. When the truth of God is done away then man's ideas of right and wrong will prevail such as the new concept that homosexuality is a life style as well as abortion and many other moral issues.

Also we find in verse 9-12 II Thess. that the coming of the lawless one is according to the working of Satan, with all power, signs, and lying wonders, and those that follow him will perish, because they did not receive the love of the truth, that they might be saved. And notice in verse 12 that they all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
What happens when people deny God's truth and go into Apostasy? They change the truth into a lie and then take much pleasure in unrighteousness!

A day must come brethren when Satan allows the World to know he is the one that has given us all we have and wanted. That he is the one that is behind science and without science we would still be in the dark ages. When he does reveal this we all will need to make the decision to remain in this system and accept Satan as the giver or we will have to choose the creator God at that time and walk away from it all. Remember, if we choose this World and its coming system over the creator God we could very well be accepting the mark of the beast.

Are you ready to make a choice someday that may be the hardest thing you have ever had to do? The system is being put in place now and we are being led into this system at this time and one day before we know it we will be locked in because everything we do will be done from the computer system and when the time comes for the true followers of the true Messiah to stand up for Jesus being the ONLY Son of God the Holy Father and the ONLY way into the coming kingdom we will be considered outlaws and hate mongers thus separated from the system that provides all we need to live. Revelation chapter 13: 16-18 makes this very clear.

The question is... Who will give up their means and ease of transportation or the ease of going to a store to pluck the fruit of any kind of food you like, or your home that keeps you warm in the winter, and cool in the hot summers? The homes that make you feel safe and the police system that protects you from evil. Who will give up their banking and ease of buying clothes and entertainment centers with a card or other future means and who wants to give up all the video games and facebook contacts? Most of all who wants to give up the honored and trusted science personal that give you comfort from pain and in some cases saves lives through science? The health system will cause people to follow them and believe they can't be saved or healed without them and this system will someday have ALL the information about every person on earth just like the law enforcement system will have everyone’s DNA and finger prints which can track anyone for any reason.

Remember the story of the frog in the pot of water? If the heat is turned up very slowly the frog will not notice and set right there and boil because his body temperature adjusted with the water temperature as it became hotter. All will seem well but a time will come when Christians, who want to continue in the truth and not compromise, are the target of this system. Will the church you belong to accept homosexuals and teach it as a lifestyle? Will they accept the evil practice of abortion? Many start out just stating that homosexuals in our church are not engaged in the lifestyle but are repentant. They then quit giving sermons against this practice as to not offend anyone. Will your church accept the Catholic Church as the mother church with all her rituals and ceremonies? Will your church accept the round Catholic Eucharist as the sign of salvation? Will your church accept ALL religions as worshiping the true God of the universe?

Remember the symbol of Health Care Symbol,  I believe it is the symbol of the God of this age and if you have the courage you might get ahead of the curve and start thinking about what is coming and what you MUST decide to accept and reject. The question for you; and me as well, is will we love God more than our own lives? What are we willing to give up for eternal life with God in His kingdom? Will we start working on the question… Do you truly LOVE God or not and will we ask Him to help us in our unbelief? The true test is if we come to love and worship the beast system. The Book of Revelation notes that the Name of God is placed on the forehead of those who love Him, and the name of the beast will be placed on those who love Satan and the beast.

The point of this sermon is to continue to make the followers of the true Messiah aware of the coming beast system and the deception that is sweeping this world. We can't stop the system we see coming because unless it comes the Messiah will not return with His kingdom, however as followers of the Messiah staying close to Jesus our savior we will be able to stay alert to the cunning attempts by Satan and those working with him which are trying to take our eternal life. You might want to check out this article titled The FIRST SIGNS of the Last days

You also might want to read our FREE book titled "The Great Apostasy" by clicking on this link, The Great Apostasy

(Remember for an eye opening look into the deception many Christian churches are accepting see our study and sermon on Harry Potter )

(Also see the article titled "What is Agnosticism?" )

Also look below to see where the symbol for science comes from. Notice in the pictures below at what sex the goat is and the symbol of it's sex. This is the real Yin and Yang which is the negative, dark, and feminine (yin), and one positive, bright, and masculine (yang), which is believed whose interaction influences the destinies of creatures and things. I also believe this is the symbol of mankind just like science is mankind trying to live without God or what they think as correction God's mistakes.


Beware! it will be complete soon.

Timothy M. Youngblood

Below is a list the World Community's are working on and must achieve:
Editor's note: Most of this has been achieved or is in the last process of being achieved.

Permit free trade between all nations.

Extension of long-term loans to other Nations that are going along with us and provide American aid to all Nations.

Promote the United Nations as the only hope for mankind.

Uniting both of the political parties in the United States and do away with all loyalty oaths. (This has been done by the system but the people believe we still have a two party system because they need to believe it.)

Use technical decisions of the courts to weaken basic American institutions by claiming their activities violate civil rights.

Get control of the schools. Use them as transmission belts for socialism propaganda. Soften the curriculum. Get control of teachers' associations. Change textbooks to reflect all agendas.

Gain control of all student newspapers. Infiltrate the press. Get control of book-review assignments, editorial writing, policymaking positions.

Use student riots to foment public protests against programs or organizations which are not going along with the new agenda.

Gain control of key positions in radio, TV, and motion pictures. Break down cultural standards of morality by promoting pornography and obscenity in books, magazines, motion pictures, radio, and TV.

Present homosexuality, degeneracy and sex outside of marriage as "normal, natural, and healthy.

Continue discrediting Old American culture by degrading all forms of artistic expression which is to eliminate all good sculpture from parks and buildings, and substitute shapeless, awkward and meaningless forms. Not much different in what the churches are doing to make God seem universal.

Infiltrate the churches and replace revealed truth with "social" religion thus the new Mega Churches we see in many cities today.

Discredit or split up the writings of the Bible and emphasize the need for intellectual maturity which does not need a religious crutch.

Eliminate prayer or any phase of religious expression in the schools on the ground that it violates the principle of "separation of church and state."

Discredit the American Constitution by calling it inadequate, old-fashioned, out of step with modern needs, a hindrance to cooperation between nations on a worldwide basis.

Discredit the American Founding Fathers. Present them as people in the past who had no understanding about our future and science.

Belittle all forms of American culture and discourage the teaching of American history on the ground that it was only a minor part of the "big picture." Give more emphasis to world history as a broader understanding so we will not continue (as they put it) to have such a narrow view of things.

Support any socialist movement to give centralized control over any part of the culture -- education, social agencies, welfare programs, and health clinics.

Infiltrate and gain control of more unions, and infiltrate and gain control of big business.

Transfer some of the powers of arrest and incarceration from the police to social and private agencies.

Treat all behavioral problems as psychiatric disorders which no one but psychiatrists can understand [or treat].

Dominate the psychiatric profession and use mental health laws as a means of gaining control over those who oppose the main goals.

Discredit the family as an institution. Encourage sex outside of marriage as well as group sex and homosexual lifestyles, and make divorce easy.

Emphasize the need to raise children away from the negative influence of parents. Attribute prejudices, mental blocks and retarding of children to suppressive influence of parents.

Create the impression that violence and insurrection are legitimate aspects of our free speech and that students with special-interest groups should rise up and use united force to solve economic, political or social problems.

Mark all groups not under the control of the government such as the Militia as possible terrorists. There are some bad groups in this country that give the real Militia a black eye; however the good folks in a Militia group are painted as the same. The real Militia is a body of good citizens organized in a paramilitary group and typically regard themselves as defenders of individual rights against the interference of the federal government.